6 April 2022
Medical pioneer and suffragette Dr Flora Murray CBE, who trained as a doctor at the Royal Free Hospital, has been chosen to feature on a new £100 banknote.
Bank of Scotland has unveiled the design of its £100 polymer note with the new note entering circulation on 9 May 2022.
Born in Dumfries, Dr Murray trained at the London (Royal Free Hospital) School of Medicine for Women. She qualified as a doctor in 1905 and worked as a medical officer and anaesthetist.
In 1912, with her lifelong partner Dr Louisa Garrett Anderson. She founded the Women’s Hospital for Children in Harrow Road London to provide healthcare for working class children.
A committed member of the Women’s Social and Political Union, she supported suffragettes recovering from hunger strikes and injuries acquired during protests.
With the onset of World War I in 1914, Dr Murray and Dr Garrett Anderson founded the feminist organisation ‘Women’s Hospital Corps’ and opened two military hospitals in France, staffed entirely by female suffragettes. The hospitals were such a success that in 1915, the British war office invited them to set up a hospital in London for returning soldiers. The two women were provided with premises in London which they transformed into the Endell Street Military Hospital, the first in the UK established for men staffed by female medical professionals. The hospital treated more than 26,000 seriously injured soldiers.
As well as clinical practice, Endell Street doctors carried out a significant amount of clinical and laboratory research, with seven papers being published in The Lancet. In 1917, Drs Murray and Garrett Anderson were both awarded a CBE for their work and medical efforts during the war.
Caroline Clarke, group chief executive of the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, said: “As the first institution in Britain to train women in medicine, the Royal Free Hospital drew aspiring female doctors from across the globe; we’re immensely proud that the Bank of Scotland and the Royal Free Charity have worked together to give Flora her rightful place in the pantheon of British medical history.
“Almost a century after her death, Flora’s story is a reminder of the huge debt of gratitude we owe to those early agitators who refused to accept the limitations imposed by a society that didn’t believe women could or should be doctors, physicians and surgeons. Then and now, we embrace the pioneers, the innovators, and the game-changers.”
Philip Grant, Chairman of the Scottish Executive Committee, Bank of Scotland, said: “Bank of Scotland has issued bank notes showcasing our country’s incredible history for more than 320 years and now we’re putting the contribution of exceptional Scottish people into the spotlight too.
“We are so proud that our new £100 polymer note commemorates the remarkable work of Dr Flora Murray who, alongside being a medical pioneer, spent her adult life fighting for women’s rights as a suffragette.”
After the war, the two women lived together in Penn, Buckinghamshire until Dr Murray’s death in 1923. Dr Murray is buried in a churchyard in Penn where their joint headstone declares: “We have been gloriously happy”.
The Royal Free Charity owns and curates the art collection on display across the Royal Free London. Today Dr Murray’s portrait by Francis Dodd hangs in the Royal Free Hospital and it is this image that graces the Bank of Scotland’s new £100 note. Dodd’s portrait of Dr Louisa Garrett Anderson, who was also a graduate of the London School of Medicine for Women, hangs nearby.
About the banknote
On the reverse of the first £100 green note is a striking portrait of Dr Murray, painted by Francis Dodd in 1921. It is accompanied by an image of female stretcher bearers outside Endell Street Hospital, London, bringing to life the significance Dr Murray had on the medical world and the fight for women’s rights.
The front of the new note portrays the Scottish novelist and poet Sir Walter Scott, alongside an image of The Mound in Edinburgh as the current £100 cotton note does today.
The note has important security features which include an anti-counterfeit ‘window effect’ – transparent windows within The Mound frontage and a transparent vertical stripe – on the front of the note. Inside the vertical stripe is a multicoloured holographic foil strip which displays the image of Dr Murray, the bank’s logo, and ’£100.’ The foil also displays a ‘Northern Lights’ effect, with stars and colours resembling the phenomena appearing when the note is tilted.
In addition, as with the £5, £10, £20 and £50 polymer notes, the £100 note will have a tactile emboss feature, to aid the visually impaired.
On 9 May 2022, Bank of Scotland will auction off 94 sought-after notes with an ‘FM’ prefix to celebrate Dr Murray using her initials, alongside ‘AA’ prefix notes, at Spink House, London. Monies raised from the auction goes to charity partner Mental Health UK and The Royal Free Charity, London. So far, auctions of polymer collector’s notes has raised over £584,000 for charity.
Until the 1870s, women in Britain could not become doctors. They were not admitted to British medical schools and not allowed to take the exams to get a licence to practise. The London School of Medicine for Women opened in 1874 to train women as doctors. While they could study medicine, they weren't allowed to practise until the Royal Free Hospital became the first British institution to admit women, giving them valuable real-life clinical experience.