Clinical neuropsychology is based on the science behind brain-behaviour relationships, and it examines how the structure and function of the brain relate to psychological processes.
Neuropsychological assessments are an objective way of quantifying and characterising the cognitive, behavioural and emotional effects of the changes in brain function that can occur after damage, or with disease, affecting the brain.
An assessment can provide important diagnostic information, although often there are specific concerns about the impact these changes are having on everyday functioning, such as working, driving, managing finances or self-care.
In addition to assessment, neuropsychologists can provide information and advice to patients and their families to help them understand and adapt to the changes that can result from brain damage.
Neuropsychological tests assess a variety of cognitive abilities, including intellectual function, memory, language, visual perception and visuospatial skill, planning, reasoning and decision-making, and attention and concentration. Whilst neuropsychological tests are a core component of a neuropsychological assessment, the assessment also focuses on a person’s psychological, personal, interpersonal and wider contextual circumstances.